If you are at all following Canadian television in mainstream or social media or read TV, Eh? regularly then you know that this week the CRTC started its huge Talk TV public hearing (hearing singular â€“ not plural). Itâ€™s huge for two reasons â€“ it covers a wide range of topics but it also has the potential to dramatically change the Canadian broadcasting system.
In my last post on the topic I shared some of the proposals that the CRTC had issued two weeks ago as a way of trying to limit the discussion. They belatedly seemed to realize they were trying to tackle too much. It didnâ€™t really work. Stakeholders are reacting to the proposals but still talking about what they want to talk about so it has still been a huge discussion.
There are a few themes that have come out of the discussion so far. The Chair of the CRTC, Jean-Pierre Blais, wants to hear big picture discussion and not self-serving â€˜this is what would be best for usâ€™ and he isnâ€™t getting it. Every stakeholder so far to varying degrees has presented fairly self-serving arguments. This isnâ€™t surprising because each stakeholderâ€™s job is to represent their company or their membersâ€™ interests. However, they should also be aware of competing interests and try to present a balanced argument and that isnâ€™t happening.
For example, the Competition Bureau, a government agency tasked with ensuring that â€œCanadian businesses and consumers prosper in a competitive and innovative marketplaceâ€, argued that the only relevant concern was reducing prices for consumers without any recognition that the CRTC had cultural obligations under the Broadcasting Act. It surprised me that a government body required to uphold legislation would advise another one to ignore its legislation.
Another theme is that no one really knows how consumers will behave if the CRTC implements either of its â€˜pick and payâ€™ choices (Option A being an all Canadian basic with Option B being all-Canadian plus any other services cable and satellite companies want to add but capped at $20, $25 or $30). There are many studies out there but none of them are on point (e.g. the U.S. has a different regulatory system and the Quebec market is pretty different from the rest of Canada).Â Â Without being able to predict consumer behaviour it is pretty hard to make recommendations taking into consideration consequences but stakeholders are trying.
We heard from Bell and others that either option of pick and pay would be the apocalypse. With less drama, concerns were expressed that prices for individual services would have to be higher and therefore consumers would drop many of the services they have now and those services would fail. Corus made the unusual argument that pick and pay is just too complicated for us and weâ€™d be paralyzed by all that choice. We are just not smart enough to handle pick and pay?
Did anyone talk about anything else other than pick and pay? At moments it seemed like no but there have been some stakeholders actually talking about Canadian television programming and the impact that some of these proposals would have on it. Strangely, after years of being ignored, Blais has been focusing on childrenâ€™s programming.
The CMPA pointed out in its submission that the PNI policy allows broadcasters to shift their expenditure obligation to drama to the detriment of childrenâ€™s, features and documentaries. Given that private conventional broadcasters do not air childrenâ€™s programming and public broadcasters are focusing on preschool, there would be few opportunities to watch a full range of childrenâ€™s programming in a skinny basic. While the Shaw Rocket Fund would like to see conventional services air childrenâ€™s programming again, Corus would like to see specialty kids services (which they happen to own) in skinny basic.
Even more strangely, Blais chose to argue with the Shaw Rocket Fund about the definition of childrenâ€™s programming â€“ how could they define it as 17 and under when you can drive at 16? I myself would not argue about kids media with Annabel Slaight (founder of Owl Magazines, Owl TV and chair of the Shaw Rocket Fund) but Blais seemed to be consciously trying to limit CRTC support to the preschool market, abandoning school age and teen age to a choice of either commercial childrenâ€™s programming (i.e. YTV or Family Channel) or adult programming (e.g. Teen Mom). You can tell what I think about that from the way that I phrased that sentence.
The CRTC tried to limit the conversation about regulating OTT (which is currently exempted under the Digital Media Exemption Order) by not including them in the proposals. The topic inevitably came up though with Google appearing (at the CRTCâ€™s request) on the first day. The Google argument was basically â€“ we have tons of Canadian programming on YouTube so thereâ€™s no need for regulation. The problem is that, not being experienced with the CRTC or Blais, they made broad statements about the volume of Canadian content on YouTube but did not have the stats to back up the statements. So Blais asked Google to back up their statements and submit facts and methodology before the end of the hearing on September 19th.
Google has taken no position on whether they are subject to the CRTC. There are competing arguments as to that jurisdiction. Observers are now watching to see how Google handles this request â€“ will they provide any information and tacitly acknowledge jurisdiction or will this be the line they draw and take the position that the CRTC does not have jurisdiction to compel the disclosure.
One last note for now. I think it surprised a few of the content stakeholders to hear the Commission suggest that the proposal to remove daytime Canadian programming exhibition requirements was intended to shift expenditure requirements to prime time programming. Broadcasters can stop producing or commissioning daytime talk shows (which have relatively lower audiences) and put more money into PNI or other prime time programming like Masterchef Canada. Bell, who airs The Marilyn Denis Show and The Social, didnâ€™t think much of that proposal. It should be noted that it would be easy for broadcasters to spend more of their CPE on news, sports and reality so there should not be an assumption that this proposal would benefit PNI.
Conversations are ongoing. If you want to share your thoughts join in on Twitter under the hashtag #CRTC or #TalkTV or the CRTCâ€™s discussion board.